Bhagat Singh: The True Patriot – A grand essay by Dhyan chand


Its been 90 years, yes 90 years since Bhagat Singh along with Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged to death on 23 March 1931. At the time of hanging Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev were 23 and Rajuru was a mere 22 when these three for the sake of freedom of the nation gave up on their life, yes they were of the same age to whom now we say not to worry about politics and happenings in the country and focus on their career first, But that was a time when working for the country and dying for it was considered to be the most respectful choice. Bhagat Singh was titled the ‘Prince Of Martyr’ and ‘Son of the Nation’.

Today on the 90th death anniversary of Bhagat Singh Rajguru and Sukhdev lets remember them for revolutionary ideology and this is my small tribute to the man who was and will be remembered as a true patriot and a true revolutionary.


What makes Bhagat Singh different from others?

Many Historians believed that after Gandhiji the next most popular freedom fighter is Bhagat Singh. But the sad thing is that those people not just influenced the lives of the countrymen but also kept the fire of Azadi even after their death. Those patriots who asked for purna swaraj when the congress was just asking for dominion status. It’s hard to believe that those true patriots have never been given the Bharat Ratna. The hypocrisy here is that some people want the self-proclaimed ‘veer’ eligible for the highest civilian award who wrote mercy petitions and agreed to serve the British till his death but there are no talks about the true son of the nation who also wrote a letter to the brits, not seeking mercy but to change his penalty form hanging to kill by gunshot. Who do you think is deserving?

Not just the courage is the parameter here even the ideas and ideology Bhagat Singh possessed were constructive and well ahead of the time. Even now the politicians take a minute or two before taking his name because the majority of their actions contradict the principles of Bhagat Singh.

Heroics of the revolutionaries:                                                   

It will be interesting to hear that before the prologue of these 3 freedom fighters the story of a 4th fighter comes first, what happened is that in 1928 the Simon Commission was appointed which had 7 British MPs as their members their work was to introduce constitutional reforms in the British Indian government. These reforms had to happen in the Indian constitution but there were no Indians in the commission at all, sounds pretty hypocritical right? So it was obvious that there were protests and the boycott of commission by the congress…Here comes Lala Lajpat rai who was a leader of a front protested alongside his followers against this move this news had reached the police superintendent of then James Scott, he threw a lathi-charge on them. In this incident, Lajpat rai was severely injured and eventually died after a few days in November 1928. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Rajguru, and Chandrashekhar Azad to avenge Lajpat rai’s death went to kill Scott but by chance killed deputy superintendent Saunders instead in this was the case the 3 were given the death penalty. Whereas, Chandrashekhar Azad as his name suggests remained AZAD till his last breath. The point to ponder here is that the ideological differences between Lala and Bhagat Singh. Bhagat Singh was left-leaning and believed in a socialistic approach whereas Lala believed in radical right-leaning aggressive assertive Hindu politics. But there was no clash between them Bhagat Singh considered Lala as his mentor too. Those were the real Acche din when no single ideology could divide people and they were bound by a single agenda “freedom of the nation”. However,” when the honour was avenged with the death of Saunders it failed to inspire the revolutionary reaction Bhagat Singh had anticipated”. Also, they were given the name of terrorists by the brits already. By this time Bhagat Singh had understood that to unite people to bring about a revolution something big had to be done. He famously once said, “To make the deaf hear the sound has to be very loud”.This loud sound was soon heard in the central hall of the parliament when Bhagat Singh with Batukeshvar Dutt threw smoke bombs to raise the sense of their thinking about freedom. The plan was pretty simple to bring the sense of revolution by Hindustan socialist republican association or HSRA it was beforehand decided that both would surrender after bombing to get to hearing as soon as possible and use the court as a stage to influence the people and their feeling towards the freedom struggle.

Another interesting fact is that Bhagat Singh has disguised himself to avoid any attention in the hall in a khaki shirt and a flat hat, he afterwards got a picture clicked in the same attire and this photo is none other than the legendary image of Bhagat Singh. It is true that even after the arrest Bhagat Singh didn’t write mercy petitions or plead the Brits to release him so as Savarkar did. Bhagat Singh stayed a revolutionary and an andolanjeevi inside the prison too he raised his voice against the Brits management and the ill-treatment of Indian prisoners. As per records, he did a hunger strike which lasted 116 days to fulfil the various demands of the Indian prisoners, almost all his demands were accepted except the demand of political prisoner grade. When the Brits changed the date of penalty from 24th to the 23rd The jail superintendent Chattar Singh came to inform Bhagat Singh and he advised him to rejoice the Lord in his last days, but Bhagat Singh humbly ignored him as his wish was to complete the book by Russian revolutionary Vladimir Lenin which he was currently reading before the hanging. On the day of hanging there was utter silence in the jail that silence turned to loud cries as soon as Bhagat Singh Rajguru and Sukhdev came out of their barracks shouting INQUILAB ZINDABAD. Bhagat Singh was hanged first followed by Rajguru and Sukhdev. Their bodies were chopped off filled in sacks and cremated in the bank’s of Sutlej and disposed of in the river all this happened in complete secrecy to this was the fear Brits had on these three.                                                                    

Conclusion :

Bhagat Singh as portrayed was not a violent minded individual, he was polite and possessed highly intellectual thinking. Here’s the thing to know he had read about 200 books before going to prison and read 300 plus books when he was at the prison he was a voracious reader. He was fascinated by the international revolutionaries and their approach to freedom and integrity. He was not only a revolutionary he was a visionary too his many beliefs seem to hold more than any time in this present era. He thought religion will be used to create propaganda which is happening now. He felt that casteism was a bigger evil and had to be fought a bigger battle than battle freedom. He was a strong believer in socialism and thought not just of superficial freedom but the freedom from deep rational and Orthodox thinking and practices this was damaging and detrimental for the country and the countrymen then, now and forever. I as the youth of this country solemnly pledge to uphold the ideals and ideologies of the “True Patriot”.

Sources and References:


3 thoughts on “Bhagat Singh: The True Patriot – A grand essay by Dhyan chand

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s